What happens if my nose gear is turned too far to either side? Someone mentioned that a steering part might get damaged.
Search strings: turn limits, steering limits, travel stops, steering stops, exceed travel, towing limits.
The steering rod end in question is only a -4 size, and is easily bent, cracked, and broken. The small size is deliberate, to help ensure that this easily replaced part is the weakest link. Otherwise the top of the housing can be cracked, and later break (which has indeed happened). If that occurs, the main nose gear body falls out of the housing on liftoff.
Any time a steering rod end gets bent or broken, it would be wise to have the mechanic keep a wary eye on the top cap of the inner gear tube for a while, to make sure that there is no sign of it developing clearance due to a crack. One way is to get the nose gear clear of the ground (tail held down), and move the lower gear casting up and down. There should be just enough clearance for it to move freely, but no sign that it can be pulled down away from the top cap. The alternative is to deliberately disassemble it and have it go through non-destructive testing. If your nose gear donuts are old and need replacing anyway, or you need the gear re-shimmed to remove play, it would be a good time to play it safe with NDT.
Note that a bent (but unbroken) nose steering rod end seldom alters the rudder trim enough to be noticeable at liftoff and climb. You would have to be pretty familiar with the plane to notice. If you ever do notice a difference in rudder trim (meaning unusual rudder pressure required either left or right) on lift off and initial climb, circle and land (without retracting the gear if not fixed gear). Then inspect the nose steering linkage before flying again.
One precaution I often see missing on these planes is the travel limit marker on the nose gear castings (upper and lower), just below the forward-facing nose gear lube fitting. Beech had specific decals for the purpose (vastly over-priced, of course). All you really need are three 3/4″ lengths of red pinstripe tape, a quarter-inch wide. After cleaning with denatured alcohol (not rubbing alcohol), let it air dry a few minutes. Then stick the center piece below the grease fitting. Put the left and right pieces on the lower casting just inside the travel limits. Even with the nose wheel on the ground, you can move it left and right far enough with the hand tow bar to feel it hit the travel limit, so you can tell where to put the limit markers. No one should ever move the nose gear beyond the point where the left and right markers line up with the center marker. If I have little choice but to let someone else move the plane, the first thing I do is ask them what the red marks are for on the front of the nose gear. I ask nicely, as though I am just curious. If they don’t know the right answer, they do not tow my plane. Not even if they are using a sled-type tow unit.