The December 27, 2007 Weekly Accident Update is now posted at <> .

FLYING LESSONS suggested by this week's report:

Lessons learned from Beech experience are universal. Consider them in
any make and model of airplane.

This week's lessons:

** Transitioning from visual to instrument flight rules can be a very
high-workload event. If conditions may reasonably be expected to
require an instrument clearance at your destination, pre-plan the IFR
portion and if practical fly the entire trip under IFR to manage
workload and ensure you'll have your clearance when you need it.

** Flight of two to three hours increases the risk of fuel starvation in
most light airplanes with multiple fuel tank selector positions (as
opposed to a BOTH fuel selector position). Trips of four to five hours
impose an increased risk of fuel exhaustion, or simply running
completely out of fuel. Compare your trip length to the expected
endurance of fuel in each tank for that trip, and document your fuel
strategy before you take off.

** For more on fuel management-related mishaps see

Questions? Comments? Send me a note at


** Regarding a recent FLYING LESSON about ELTs, a reader writes:

"Here is one more for your ELT file. One of our [Cessna] 421s was
parked on the [radio shop] ramp at [Wichita] Mid-Continent. The Civil
Air Patrol had traced an ELT signal to that airplane. [The shop] checked
and found the ELT switch to be in the OFF position and the G-switch had
not activated. Yet, the ELT was clearly producing a signal. Turns out
that the ELT case had corroded to the point where the on/off relay had
closed, causing the ELT to turn on."

** Another reader sent a note about the VMC discussion from a recent

"Reference the discussion of Vmcg vs. Vmca, I believe that Vmcg is
higher that Vmca, not lower. Reasons - cannot bank into the good engine,
shorter lever between the rudder and the main gear as the CG is always
forward of the mains, and more airflow over the rudder is required to
generate the necessary force. The 747-100 is one example - Vmcg is 118K
while Vmca is 102 (both engines out on the same side)."

Thanks, readers, for your valuable input.


I've had a few schedule changes and now have some openings for winter
and spring flying. I'll come to you for your personalized instruction.
Available dates: January 19-20, February 2-3 or 23-24, April 26-27, and
May 3-4 or 17-18. Consider:

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** Single-Pilot Management (SPM): Techniques for reducing workload and
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One-day programs can be expanded to two days at your request, or combine
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or to schedule your Mastery Flight Training event.

Looking for a flying club or aviation safety event speaker? Contact me


** Three died when a Be35 crashed out low instrument conditions..

There's also an update on the December 11th triple-fatality A36TC crash
near Cedar City, Utah.

For more information, commentary and analysis see the Beech
<> Weekly Accident Update
link at <> .

Fly safe, and have fun!

Thomas P. Turner, Master CFI

Mastery Flight Training, Inc. <>

I welcome your comments and suggestions. Contact Mastery Flight
Training, <> Inc.

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C2007 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. All rights reserved.

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